The main aim of this project is to develop a culture of behavior and to increase the knowledge and skills of primary and secondary school students to respond to emergencies such as natural and human-instigated disasters and crises, responding to the changing environment in Europe, based on modern approaches and social constructivism through the use of ICT-based tools.
This project will be realized through the implementation of 6 activities, including the development of 5 intellectual products and the pilot activities for testing the platform and the educational game with representatives of the target groups. Activities in general are:
A very important instrument for improving the NHD PLAY innovative learning impact is the gaming facility which comes as a core ingredient of NHD PLAY platform. The platform simplifies the development of a wide range of games, quizzes and others gamification instruments. The planned instruments range from simple quizzes to fairly complex, rule-based, multi-party, context-aware games. To cope with the needs of specialized training, NHD PLAY will adopt a Learning Management System which will enable both local (in-field) and remote training (i.e., e-training). E-training is structured in 3 courses presenting six different thematic areas – natural disasters (earthquake, floods, fires), human-instigated disasters (terrorism, violence) and first medical aids. They will be made available to trainees as interactive material in a multi-lingual, self-assessments and media-rich form. Courses will be developed so as to address the needs of different types of users (e.g., students with disabilities). Other innovative instrument is NHD PLAY game. It is an essential ingredient of the project architecture as it increases the educational impact of the platform. Social gaming is a very important emerging field that significantly promotes the educational objectives of the pursued framework.
Terrorism threatens a society by instilling fear and helplessness in its citizens. It seeks to hold a society or government hostage by fear of destruction and harm.
When terrorist acts occur, people generally look for ways to cope with the acute stress and trauma. Terrorism evokes a fundamental fear of helplessness. The violent actions are random, unprovoked and intentional, and often are targeted at defenseless citizens. Trying to cope with the irrational information that is beyond normal comprehension can set off a chain of psychological events culminating in feelings of fear, helplessness, vulnerability and grief.
Xenophobia — fear or hatred of strangers or foreigners — can be heightened under a terrorist threat and can become a social and psychological danger. The fear generated by terrorism can be exacerbated by a population’s diversity if there is distrust between groups, categories and classification of citizens. It is important to recognize that diversity in a population can be an opportunity for unity and strength. There are members of our diverse society who have experienced past terrorist incidents. The knowledge and experience they have gained from surviving and coping with these incidents can make them a valuable resource on how to cope and how to offer assistance to others.
After a terrorist attack, many people are impacted. People who have experienced the trauma often fall into the following categories:
People who have experienced or witnessed a terrorist attack may go into a state of acute stress reaction. You may feel one or all of these symptoms:
If you are having trouble coping with the terrorist attacks, consider seeking help from a psychologist or other mental health professional. There are many ways to feel traumatized by terrorist incidents. Psychologists and other licensed mental health professionals are trained to help people cope and take positive steps toward managing their feelings and behaviors.
The main issue which united representatives of trade unions, professional organizations and NGOs in terms of public order and security, is that the “security” service provided to citizens, is not effective and does not meet their needs. The discussion about the parameters and expectations of what should the service be has not taken place – as citizens, and with trade unions and professional organizations. Reasons for the lack of discussion about MoI are many but the main ones are:
That is why the police system becomes more rigid, more encapsulated and sacrifice more cruel its employees. This is happening on a background of permanent reduction of the quality of “security” service and increased number of unsatisfied from the MoI’s work citizens to whom is said they are complaining are reasonless and exist only because they do not understand “the complex matter of security.”
Rigidity of the system is due to many reasons, some of which are:
Ministry of Interior is the only unreformed Ministry in Bulgaria, but also one of the ministries in which structural changes are the most numerous. One of the major structural changes that contribute the MoI to become a mega-ministry is the closure of Ministry of Emergency Situations and merger it with the MoI /29.07.2009 /. This change is one of the main reasons the scope and functions of the police to be expanded and the number of the employees to be increased as well. The functions for civil protection as nonspecific for MoI, took a very large financial, human and time resources for establishment of a model which ensures that mechanically merged with the Ministry of Interior structures will begin to function as part of the whole Ministry. The stress of merge, which endured as officials closed the MES and MoI, the lack of clear rules of interaction, changed principles of operation and interaction between institutions is extremely large. Shortly before the “merger” of officials from the MES, the MoI- in 2007, was “released” from the National service “Security” and the “protection of the means of communication” and a State Agency “National Security” was established. As a result of structural changes to 2009., the number of MoI’s employees is nearly 68 000 people.
In the period 2009-2014 structural changes continued. In 2013, from the the structure of the Ministry of Interior were removed General Directorate “Combating Organized Crime”/CDCOC/ and Specialized and the “Operational technical operations”/SDOTO/. CDCOC became part of National agency “Security” and SDOTO became the State Agency “Technical Operations” to Council of Ministers. Alongside these structural changes, the names of regional units and departments were changed many times and the number of employees continued the trend for reduction and in 2014 employees in MoI was 49 500.
All these changes were made without the participation of citizens, without an assessment of their impact on the quality of services delivered by the Ministry of Interior, and especially without an assessment of their impact on the employees. This long-standing practice is one of the reasons MoI to become the (auto) oppressive, suspicious, dehumanized, formal and disengagement institution in which the prospect of long-term reform and involving citizens in its implementation is assessed as a threat that must be limited, not as an option which should be used.
Iliya Kuzmanov was born in 1967 in Sofia. He graduated in “Georgi Sava Rakovski” high school and the “Asen Zlatarov” university in Sofia in 1994.
He is working in the Ministry fo Interior since February 1997.
He worked in 07-th and 1-st Police departnment in Sofia and he is currently a head of “Combating crimes”group in the 05-th Police department in Sofia.
Iliya Kuzmanov can be described as a person with M. Kassimova’s quote: “… Because the heaviest part of the complaint and murmur as processes is their correlation with us.
To complain is the first step, logically followed by the desire “to dare”.
Once you dare the fight comes, then the two choices are possible – to win or to be defeated.
And, as you know, somehow we’re not OK to be a part of the team of losers – it is better to play in the team of the passive knowing people – so at the same time we are doing nothing and avoiding the possibilities to do something wrong, while we are continuing to complain.”
But Iliya continues and says “I am confident that at the end of the tunnel there is light and as we are often joking, it is not from the oncoming train … The light we strive … The light that inevitably will be reached … as long as we do not stop to desire it and to do it … to dare … to avoid and to not become a full-time/permanent players in the the passive knowing people’s team! ”
You can contact Mr. Iliya Kuzmanov at e-mail: email@example.com